Ultimate Raspberry Pi : Preparation : raspian

Prepare the SD-Card

Correctly prepare the SD-Card, I do the following on a 4GB sdcard, you can use what ever size suits your needs.

Download SDFormatter V4.0 :
Format the SD-Card with the following options:
Format type: QUICK (no point wasting write cycles)
Format size adjustment: ON
Volume Label: RPi

Download the latest raspbian (not noobs) http://downloads.raspberrypi.org/raspbian_latest

extract the img file from the downloaded archive and write the 2014-01-07-wheezy-raspbian.img to the sdcard.

Using the Win32DiskImager program :: based on http://elinux.org/RPi_Easy_SD_Card_Setup#Using_the_Win32DiskImager_program

Insert the SD card into your SD card reader and check what drive letter it was assigned. You can easily see the drive letter (for example G:) by looking in the left column of Windows Explorer. You can use the SD Card slot (if you have one) or a cheap Adapter in a USB slot.
Download the Win32DiskImager utility :
(it is also a zip file). You can run this from a USB drive. Win32DiskImager screen
Extract the executable from the zip file and run the Win32DiskImager utility; you may need to run the utility as Administrator! Right-click on the file, and select ‘Run as Administrator’
Select the image file you extracted above.
Select the drive letter of the SD card in the device box. Be careful to select the correct drive; if you get the wrong one you can destroy your data on the computer’s hard disk! If you are using an SD Card slot in your computer (if you have one) and can’t see the drive in the Win32DiskImager window, try using a cheap Adapter in a USB slot.
Click Write and wait for the write to complete.
Exit the imager and eject the SD card.
Make sure you properly eject/unmount the sdcard before removing it.
You are now ready to plug the card into your Raspberry Pi.

Login as root

All the items will need to be done as the root user. Make sure you become root after every restart.

First boot:

The Raspberry Pi Software Configuration Tool (raspi-config) should of loaded
1. Expand Filesystem
2. Change User Password

Would you like to reboot now?

**From experience, rather reboot and run the utility again after the file system has been expanded.**

Second boot: (should be in the terminal)

login: pi
become root

launch the raspberry-pi config tool

4. Internationalization Options
I1 Change Locale :
Deselect : en_GB.UTF8 UTF8
Select : en_US.UTF8 UTF-8

Default locate for system environment: en_US.UTF8

Geographic area: None of the above
Time zone: UTC

7. Overclock
Chose overclock preset: High (950mhz) THere has been reports of stability issues with turbo

8. Advanced Options
A2 Hostname
enter your FQDN

8. Advanced Options
A3 Memory Split
How much memory should the GPU have?
Use 32 for a 256mb pi and 32 for a 512mb pi that will be used for X server,
A server pi, choose 16.
A media center 512mb pi, choose 64

8. Advanced Options
Would you like the SSH server enabled or disabled?

Would you like to reboot now?

third boot: (should be in the terminal)

login: pi
login: pi
become root

Optional: Server Preparation

**required for server and low memory configs, will remove X**
Remove Desktop Applications, Related Utilities and Window Manager

Update the system

Reboot the system

Automatic Updates / Unattended Upgrades

Automatically download and install stable updates


Update the firmware

Run the update

Restart to apply

Install Common Utilities and pre-requists

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